Wood has been used as a building material for thousands of years. The chemical properties of wood are inherently complex, but even in spite of this challenge, human beings have successfully harnessed the unique characteristics of wood to build a seemingly unlimited variety of structures. Besides using this exceptionally versatile material for housing, it is used extensively in furniture, home decor, handicrafts as well. It is remarkably strong in relation to its weight and highly machinable. Wood is also the perfect example of an environmentally sustainable product, it is biodegradable and renewable and carries the lowest carbon footprint in comparison to other available material. In addition, no high-energy fossil fuels are required to produce wood, unlike other common materials such as steel or plastic.